Paolo Ricci is a professor of Political Science at the University of São Paulo, Brazil. He received his BA from Bologna University (1997) and his MA (2001) and PhD (2006) from the University of São Paulo. His emphasis is on comparative political science, working mainly on the following themes: legislative process, electoral systems, political parties and history of political institutions. He has published numerous peer-reviewed articles in international journals like Journal of Latin American Studies, Dados, Journal of Modern Italian Studies, as well as book chapters. Among other things, he has worked on two major reasearch projects. The first , concerning the role of elections before democracy focusing on electoral fraud, political behavior and political competition in Brazil First Republic (1889-1930). This research involves aspects of different areas like political science, history and law. The second project was an investigation of executive-legislative relations at sub-national level in Brazil after 1988.