Latin American Centre Seminars: ‘Sustaining contentious mobilisation: Citizenship and identity in Chilean Poblaciones’
This presentation will respond to the question of why and how some Chilean poblaciones (underprivileged neighbourhoods) have sustained contentious collective action through the past 35 years. Most of the Chilean literature on popular social movements describes a demobilisation process during the 1990s. Using an ethnographic approach two very similar poblaciones in Santiago were compared, one that became demobilised and one that maintained contentious action. The research shows that political socialisation carried out by some leftist movements during the 1980s provided residents in some poblaciones with an identity of collective action that remains active until this day.Therefore, it is suggested that the current reproduction of this collective identity produces a new informal type of political membership, which I call ‘mobilisational citizenship’.